Hyperpigmentation is one of the most common skin concerns, yet it is also one of the most difficult to manage. It occurs when your skin produces too much melanin, or pigment, creating an uneven skin tone. There are several types of hyperpigmentation, and understanding which one you’re struggling with is the first step to finding the most appropriate treatment option.
Freckles are caused by a genetic condition that affects the way that the melanocytes in your skin produce melanin. In people without freckles, melanin is produced evenly, resulting in an even skin tone. Conversely, if you have freckles, melanin is more abundantly produced in some clusters of cells compared to others. This shows up on your skin as small darker-colored spots .
Even though the presence of freckles is partly determined by your genes, sun exposure can increase their appearance. This is why many people with freckles notice that they tend to be much more visible in the summer months than in the winter. Because of this, one of the best ways to reduce the appearance of freckles is to avoid prolonged sun exposure and use adequate sun protection whenever you are outside.
2. Sun Spots
Unlike freckles, sun spots occur in direct response to skin damage caused by the sun and will not fade in the winter. You may not notice the appearance of sun spots on your skin until later in life, once years of damage from unprotected sun exposure has accumulated.
If this is the case for you and signs of sun damage are beginning to show up, use an anti-glycation serum such as AminoGenesis S.U.N. Control. This formula helps to reverse the visible effects of sun damage on your skin, including restoring a smoother, more even skin tone. In addition, S.U.N. Control also contains SPF 30 to help prevent future signs of photodamage.
3. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation happens due to a trauma to the skin. This can include acne scarring, allergic reactions, irritation caused by harsh skin care ingredients, and other skin injuries that result in scarring. As with many other types of pigmentation issues, PIH can worsen with sun exposure and recurring inflammation .
Some professional treatment options such as laser skin rejuvenation, chemical peels, and microdermabrasion may help to reduce PIH symptoms. However, these methods can also cause skin irritation, so be sure to talk to your dermatologist first.
Topical treatment options can be very effective and shouldn’t contribute to irritation, provided they don’t contain harsh ingredients. AminoGenesis SpotLight Skin Brightener & Corrector helps to even and brighten skin tone to reveal a more uniform complexion. This revolutionary formula features a proprietary complex comprised of a unique blend of skin brighteners to deliver dramatic results, even for those with sensitive skin.
Sometimes called the “mask of pregnancy,” melasma is a skin condition commonly found in pregnant women . While its exact causes are unknown, melasma appears to be linked with hormone changes within the body, as well as exposure to the sun.
In some cases, melasma will gradually diminish on its own, especially if it occurs in response to hormonal fluctuations due to pregnancy. If this isn’t the case for you, try using skin care products that contain amino acids to help promote new cell growth. AminoGenesis Therapeutic Facial Repair anti-aging moisturizing cream contains a potent blend of plant-derived amino acids to help restore a smoother, more even tone and texture to the skin.
Moles are probably the most talked-about type of hyperpigmentation, as they have the potential to be cancerous. The best thing you can do to prevent new moles from forming is to be diligent about sunscreen any time you’re outdoors, no matter the weather.
Next, follow dermatologists’ “ABCDE” guidelines when checking your moles:
• Irregular borders
• Varied color
• Large diameter
• Evolution or change in appearance
If you notice significant changes in the size, shape or color of a mole, consult your dermatologist.
 Daily Mail