“Out, damned spot!” is often an exclamatory phase spoken in laundry detergent ads. But by the time you reach your 30’s, you may very well be saying the same thing to your skin!
How Do Age Spots Form?
Hyperpigmentation occurs from an excess of a compound called melanin, a hazelnut-colored compound that accumulates within the skin.
Stressors like UV light, excess sugar, pollution, smoking, and other toxins cause your skin to believe it is under duress. In turn, a cascade of steps will trigger excess melanin production (Mutation Research, 2005; Pigment Cell Research, 1992).
How to Treat Age Spots
Age spots are best treated using several methods of attack:
- Bleaching and lightening agents. These provide more of a cosmetic solution, but provide instantaneous relief. These include agents like hydroquinone, kojic acid, and certain amino acids.
- Agents that may inhibit melanin production. The most common are compounds that inhibit an enzyme, tyrosinase, that is necessary within the skin to make melanin. These include hydroquinone, kojic acid, and lightening peptides.
- Agents that may accelerate cell turnover or collagen production. These are compounds that cause renewal of skin cells, which in turn provides fresh, beautiful, unmarked skin. These include retinoids, amino acids, and peptides like palmitoyl pentapeptide-4. At the 2002 World Congress of Dermatology in Paris, France, use of a cream containing 8% palmitoyl pentapeptide was found to decrease wrinkle depth by 68% and wrinkle density by 47% over six months.
The Product We Recommend for Sunspots
AminoGenesis Spotlight Skin Brightener ($59.95). This serum is formulated with Gigawhite™, Melavoid™ and Apple-ECO™. The lightweight skin-renewing formula is designed to fight dark spots, age spots, and freckles, as well as other signs of UV damage and dull, lackluster, tired, and weathered-looking skin.
Gigawhite™ significantly brightens and improves the evenness skin tone.. In a clinical study in a reputable journal, the Alpine plant-derived compound significantly renewed the skin in terms of brightness/sallowness and tone (Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 2005). Another study has shown that improved the age spots of 10 persons when tested over time (International Journal of Molecular Science, 2001).
Melavoid™ is a natural, lightening active ingredient that decreases skin tone evenly and uniformly, thus reducing the number of different types of hyperpigmentation spots (Center for Chem). It is rather new on the market, but has shown initial promise, winning at the SEPAWA Innovation Corporation Awards in 2014 (Source).
Apple-ECO™ , and apple extract in general, is excellent for skin brightening. Naturally apple is a good source of malic acid, an alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA). Perhaps more significantly, apple on its own has been shown to mildly inhibit tyrosinase, resulting in some improvement in age spots over time (Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry).
Overall, if you have sunspots, you need AminoGenesis Spotlight Skin Brightener !
Ingredients: Stearoxymethicone/Dimethicone Copolymer, Water (Eau), Propylene Glycol, Glycerin, Alcohol, Polyacrylamide, C13-14 Isoparaffin, Laureth-7, Hyaluronic Acid, Propanediol, Boerhavia Diffusa Root Extract, Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit, Niacinamide, Allantoin, Malva Sylvestris(Mallow) Extract, Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Leaf Extract, Primula Veris Extract, Alchemilla Vulgaris Extract, Veronica Officinalis Extract, Melissa Offcinalis Leaf Extract, Achillea Millefolium Extract, Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate, Tocopheryl Acetate, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Benzoate, Isohexadecane, Ammonium Polyacryloyldimethyl Taurate, Polysorbate 80, Disodium EDTA, Fragrance (Parfum).